Policing

Race, Cannabis and the Canadian War on Drugs: An Examination of Cannabis Arrest Data by Race in Five Cities

The enforcement of drug laws in the United States has been heavily racialized. A substantial proportion of individuals arrested and prosecuted for drug possession in America are Black and Latino, despite similar rates of drug use across racial …

Police Foundation Governance and Accountability: Corporate Interlocks and Private, Nonprofit Influence on Public Police

Police foundations are new private organizations used by public police services to raise corporate monies in North America. This article examines problems of governance and accountability arising in relation to police foundations and police services. …

Freedom of Information and Social Science Research Design (Routledge, 2019)

This multidisciplinary volume demonstrates how Freedom of Information (FOI) law and processes can contribute to social science research design across sociology, criminology, political science, anthropology, journalism and education. Comparing the use …

Unequal Justice: Race and Cannabis Arrests in the Post‐Legal Landscape

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Going to the Dogs? Police, Donations, and K9s

Most existing literature on K9 units has focused on the relationship between police handler and canine, or questions about use of force. The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between private donations to public police departments, …

Police-Sponsorship Networks: Benign Ties or Relations of Private Influence?

This article examines relational ties between private sponsors and public police departments based on sponsorship of Canadian and international policing conferences and galas. Using network analysis and descriptive statistics, we investigate ties …

Gift-Giving, Disreputable Exchange, and the Management of Donations in a Police Department

To supplement funding and strengthen relationships with the community, police departments often accept donations from individuals and businesses. These donations are a form of disreputable exchange - they are permitted but laden with the potential …

The Police Foundation’s Rise: Implications of Public Policing’s Dark Money

A new kind of organization has emerged in public policing across the United States and Canada - the 'police foundation'. The foundation's private, nonprofit legal status allows it to engage in private fundraising activities that police, as public …

Brokering Access Beyond the Border and in the Wild: Comparing Freedom of Information Law and Policy in Canada and the United States

Contributing to literature on jurisdictional variation in freedom of information (FOI) law and policy, we draw from accounts of experiences of FOI requests submitted to police agencies in nine Canadian provinces and ten US states. We conceptualize …

Online Readers’ Comments as Popular Texts: Public Opinions of Paid Duty Policing in Canada

Despite paid-duty policing and associated public opinions being an increasingly controversial topic in Canadian news media, there has been limited research about them. This article combines discourse and content analyses to examine the public …